New PDF release: A grammar of Limilngan: A language of the Mary River region,

By Mark Harvey

ISBN-10: 0858834618

ISBN-13: 9780858834613

This grammar presents an outline of Limilngan, a formerly undescribed and now extinct language of northern Australia. Australian languages as a rule exhibit a excessive measure of structural similarity to each other. Limilngan indicates a few of the universal Australian styles, yet in different parts it diverges considerably from them. It has a regular Australian phonological stock, bit its phonotactic styles are strange. a few heterorganic clusters comparable to /kb/ are of markedly larger frequency than homorganic clusters similar to /nd/. Like a couple of Australian languages, Limilngan has many vowel-initial morphemes. although, traditionally those consequence from lenition and never from preliminary shedding as in other places in Australia.


Like many northern languages, it has complicated platforms of either prefixation and suffixation to nominals and verbs. Prefixation presents information regarding nominal category (four classes), temper, and pronominal cross-reference (subject and objects). Suffixation offers information regarding case, stressful and element. Limilngan differs from so much Australian languages in substantial volume of its morphology is unproductive, displaying advanced and abnormal allomorphic variation.


Limilngan is like so much Australian languages in that it can be defined as a unfastened note order language. even though, notice order isn't really without cost and strictly ordered phrasal compounding constructions are major (e.g. within the formation of denominal verbs).

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Extra resources for A grammar of Limilngan: A language of the Mary River region, Northern Territory, Australia

Sample text

In words with multiple stresses, there is always one stress which permits a noticeably greater amplitude than the other stresses. This is the primary stress. Given that Lirnilngan has a complex verbal morphology, words with three stresses are quite common. While there is reason to distinguish a primary stress in forms with three stresses, there does not appear to be any reason to distinguish between the two remaining stresses, with one as a secondary stress and the other as a ternary stress. 2.

2-73) [wlpanmi] a. ' b. w-iny-an-bi [wlpanbi] 3I<2M-FU-hit 'You will hit him. ' Phonology c. ' 37 d. ' e. ' (2-74) w-anga-rr-w-a [wal)arwa] 3I<2A-AS-IRR-give ' You lot might give it to him. ' As i l lustrated, if the Future prefix, or the Irrealis prefix has a vowel, then that vowel bears the stress. In most other prefixing languages, it is the initial vowel of the prefix complex which bears stress in verbal words consisting of a disyllabic prefix complex and a monosyllabic verb. g. the paradigm of 'to get up' (Appendix D).

Nga-y-im-ambirrwunga-rri l -AS-IMPF-scratch-PI 'We were scratching. ' [l)ailmambIrWUl)ari] f. 4). However, following a coronal consonant in the prefix complex, the root appears as imbirrwunga, and the reduplicative imperfective prefix appears as im-. Again, the forms with Ia! appear to be historically prior. In the forms in (2-9 1 ) and (2-92), the Iii vowel is unstressed. Stress does appear to have a played a role in the shift *a > i. In the Future verb form in (2-9 1 ), the Future prefix allomorph is a-.

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A grammar of Limilngan: A language of the Mary River region, Northern Territory, Australia by Mark Harvey


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