By Joy G. Dryfoos;Carol Barkin
Of the 33 million teens within the usa, nearly 10 million are prone to failing to develop into accountable adults. They attend colleges that don't serve their wishes, lack the aid of worrying adults, and, hence, are alienated from mainstream society. African-American and Hispanic childrens, more and more segregated in deprived neighborhoods, are rather vulnerable.
In Adolescence: transforming into Up in the USA Today, a follow-up to pleasure Dryfoos's landmark quantity, Adolescents at Risk (OUP, 1991), pleasure Dryfoos and Carol Barkin take a detailed examine the lives of adolescents, determine a few of their difficulties, and current suggestions in accordance with cutting-edge prevention and therapy suggestions. They learn very important concerns in kids' lives--sex, violence, medicinal drugs, future health, psychological wellbeing and fitness, and schooling. Reviewing winning prevention courses and coverage reviews, Dryfoos and Barkin exhibit that we all know what to do to avoid high-risk behaviors: teenagers have to identify relationships with adults; mom and dad have to be enthusiastic about their kid's lives; and courses must be finished, delicate to cultural variations, and staffed through hugely informed personnel.
Dryfoos and Barkin argue that turning our backs on youth will bring about anxious outcomes: the success hole will develop, results will aggravate, university platforms will fight with the turning out to be disparities, and we as a country will fall at the back of the remainder of the area in our ability to teach our early life. If, even though, we choose that we'd like a greater caliber of lifestyles for our youngsters, we'll insure that each younger individual has entry to a very good schooling. colleges, adolescence employees, and oldsters can't on my own offer a greater caliber of lifestyles for our kids, yet every one needs to play a tremendous position, and all needs to interact. supplying a roadmap for the advance and implementation of sound regulations for American children within the twenty-first century, this quantity is a must-read for someone drawn to the way forward for our nation's early life.
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Extra info for Adolescence: Growing Up in America Today
The rate for 15- to 19-year-old females was 2,536 per 100,000 women in 2001; the rate for African American female teens was seven times higher than among white teens (8,483 and 1,276 per 100,000). For male teens, the rate was 1,550 for African American teens and 128 for white teens. In special studies, chlamydia occurred among 18% of street youth and 15% of young women in juvenile detention facilities. This disease can cause infertility and can be prevented by using latex condoms. Gonorrhea The rate for 15- to 19-year-old females, 703 per 100,000, was higher than those for other age groups; 75% of all teen gonorrhea cases were among African Americans.
The percentage having had intercourse within the preceding 3 months decreased (38% in 1991 to 34% in 2003). On the other hand, the percentage having had intercourse while drinking and/or using drugs went up a bit, from 22% to 25%. The biggest change was among teenagers reporting condom use. The percentage rose from 46 to 63, a significant change in behavior. Self-reported pregnancy rates decreased from 6% to 4%, but that is clearly an underestimate. The vast majority, 88%, of all students reported that they had been taught about AIDS and HIV, up from 83%.
This may explain the increase in condom use. 2). Among white teenagers, females are slightly more likely to have had sexual intercourse than males, whereas among black and Hispanic students, males have much higher rates than females. The most striking difference shown in the survey is in the percentage of students having intercourse before the age of 13 (placing them at a very high risk of negative consequences). Almost one-third of black males did so, three to six times the frequency of any other group.
Adolescence: Growing Up in America Today by Joy G. Dryfoos;Carol Barkin