By Dr. Andreas Kling, Prof. Fernando J. C. Baräo, Prof. Masayuki Nakagawa, Prof. Luis Távora, Prof. Pedro Vaz (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642182119

ISBN-13: 9783642182112

ISBN-10: 3642621139

ISBN-13: 9783642621130

This publication focusses at the state-of-the-art of Monte Carlo tools in radiation physics and particle shipping simulation and functions, the latter concerning particularly, the use and improvement of electron--gamma, neutron--gamma and hadronic codes. along with the elemental concept and the equipment hired, detailed awareness is paid to set of rules improvement for modeling, and the research of experiments and measurements in a number of fields starting from particle to clinical physics.

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McKinney, "MCNP Capabilities at the Dawn of the 21st Century: Neutron-gamma Applications". Moreover a remarkable development of Hadronic Event Generators has been reported: • Hadronic Event Generator covering a wide range of energies from 10 12 down to ...... 10 GeV is now available and reasonably validated- S. Roesler, R. Engel and J. Ranft, "The Monte Carlo Event Generator DPMJET-111" • GEM code based on the generalized evaporation model and the RAL fission model reproducing successfully the cross sections for fission fragment production as well as 7 Be and 9 Li productions - S.

A single code is more easily modernized and can take better advantage of computer science development. Improved structure to "compartmentalize" physics code packages will encourage model developers to test new physics and features in a transport code environment. One may hope that the MCNPX effort (MCNP + LAHET + new physics) will become "institutionalized" in the general framework of the ongoing MCNP program. E. Prael • a continuous "center of development"; • a widespread network of contributors; • a structure that accommodates imported code packages, physics or otherwise.

Many players call it "more an art than a science". An extremely useful tool in such investigations has been offered by the scoremoment equations first proposed by Amster and Djomehri in [7]. The moment equations are coupled integral equations and describe the relationship among the various expected score-moments in terms of the quantities governing the simulation. Thus the expected score Mi (P) due to a particle started from a point P in an analog game satisfies the equation M 1 (P) = J T(P,P')J(P,P')dP' + J dP'T(P,P') J dP 11 C(P1 ,P11 )M1(P11013) where P, P' and P" are the phase-space points of the particle [as in {11)] at which it starts a free flight, enters a collision and leaves a collision, respectively, C is the collision kernel and the other quantities have been defined earlier.

### Advanced Monte Carlo for Radiation Physics, Particle Transport Simulation and Applications: Proceedings of the Monte Carlo 2000 Conference, Lisbon, 23–26 October 2000 by Dr. Andreas Kling, Prof. Fernando J. C. Baräo, Prof. Masayuki Nakagawa, Prof. Luis Távora, Prof. Pedro Vaz (eds.)

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