By Victoria Fromkin
AN advent TO LANGUAGE is perfect to be used in any respect degrees and in lots of various components of guideline together with schooling, languages, psychology, anthropology, instructing English as a moment Language (TESL), and linguistics. All chapters during this best-seller were considerably revised to mirror fresh discoveries and new realizing of linguistics and languages.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Language (7th edition)
A second of Fraser's variables deserving further discussion is the habitual sense of the verb. Fraser hypothesized that the habitual sense of the verb correlates positively with construction(l. Once again, however, the basis for this claim is somewhat dubious: Fraser himself admits he has no explanation for this observation (Fraser 1976: 21) and, as is the case with many of his claims, the data on which the 'observation' is based are only intuitive and subjective. What is more. Fraser's tentative claim that the habitual sense of the verb phrase is related to stress patterns seems sketchy and farfetched.
This drawback will be discussed more thoroughly in the following section - suffice it to say here that (he purported preference for construction, could in principle result from several other variables' influences as well. Given these weaknesses, it is hard to imagine any variable that is less supported both argumcntativcly and empirically. Therefore, I assume this 24 MULTIFACTORIAL ANALYSIS IN CORPUS LINGUISTICS variable not to be relevant to the constructional alternation to be investigated and will not deal with it in what follows.
2 However, the discussion below is organized such that the most widely cited studies within the Transformational-Generative paradigm will be referred to. 3 The first mention of the variables in each section is made in bold type so as to attract attention. 2 - references to values/levels of particular variables will also be in italics. VIKW OF LITKRA1 I'RE 37 4 This relation of stress and notions such as discourse-function does not follow automatically. Given the cognitive-functional assumptions underlying this study, this relation is only natural - in the Standard Theory of transformational grammar, however, Fraser (1976: 21) 'explains' particle placement with purely formally motivated 'output constraints' on 'the final phonetic shape of the verb phrase'.
An Introduction to Language (7th edition) by Victoria Fromkin